What's so important about landscape?
How has it survived over the last hundred years as one of the central concepts in Anglo-American geography? This chapter addresses these questions as it traces various geographical approaches to landscape research. We look at contrasting definitions of landscape and the methods most appropriate to these differing definitions. The point of the chapter is not to advocate one or more conceptual or methodological approaches to the analysis of landscape, but to point to some of the methodological implications of choosing particular ways of conceptualizing landscape.
We trace these conceptualizations and methodological commitments from the early twentieth century forward because we believe that there are certain merits Kantakumar L. Estrada-Godoy F. Moncayo-Estrada R. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Curran P.
Longman Group Limited, London. Srivastava P. Heinl M. Giri C. Cruz-Cardenas G. Otukei J. Phiri D. Lein J. Lunetta R. CRC Press. Sinha S. Keshavarzi A. Baker B. Scrucca L. Campos C. Hass in the Duero river basin. Lea C. Hargrove W. Pimentel J. Schmiedel I. Levin N.
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Hamilton K. Messerli B. Wang X. Perera A. Transferring knowledge to practice. New York: Springer, Toledo R. Sun J. Export Citation. User Account Log in Register Help. Search Close Advanced Search Help. My Content 1 Recently viewed 1 Historical Delineation Show Summary Details.
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Abstract Landscape units are conceived as a part of the territory that share similar physical and geographic characteristics. Reduction of the dataset with the PCA The use of the soil cover data extracted from satellite images and superimposed with the physical-geographical information resulting from the multivariate analysis was an efficient tool for the delineation of landscape units for the proposed years.
Annexed 1 Tables with importance of component and distribution of each variables and each scene. Annexed 2 Tab. References . About the article Tel.
Received : Accepted : Published Online : Landscape ecology not only created new terms, but also incorporated existing ecological terms in new ways. Many of the terms used in landscape ecology are as interconnected and interrelated as the discipline itself. Certainly, 'landscape' is a central concept in landscape ecology. It is, however, defined in quite different ways. For example:  Carl Troll conceives of landscape not as a mental construct but as an objectively given 'organic entity', a harmonic individuum of space.
According to Richard Forman and Michael Godron ,  a landscape is a heterogeneous land area composed of a cluster of interacting ecosystems that is repeated in similar form throughout, whereby they list woods, meadows, marshes and villages as examples of a landscape's ecosystems, and state that a landscape is an area at least a few kilometres wide. John A. Wiens  opposes the traditional view expounded by Carl Troll , Isaak S.
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Zonneveld, Zev Naveh, Richard T. A main concept in landscape ecology is scale. Scale represents the real world as translated onto a map, relating distance on a map image and the corresponding distance on earth. Applied to landscape ecology, composition refers to the number of patch types see below represented on a landscape and their relative abundance.
For example, the amount of forest or wetland , the length of forest edge, or the density of roads can be aspects of landscape composition. Structure is determined by the composition, the configuration, and the proportion of different patches across the landscape, while function refers to how each element in the landscape interacts based on its life cycle events.
A landscape with structure and pattern implies that it has spatial heterogeneity , or the uneven distribution of objects across the landscape. Landscape heterogeneity is able to quantify with agent-based methods as well.